compartment syndrome


compartment syndrome
the condition that results from swelling of the muscles in a compartment of a limb, which raises the pressure within the compartment so that the blood supply to the muscle is cut off, causing ischaemia and further swelling. If it persists, the muscles and nerves within the compartment die, leading to Volkmann's contracture. Causes are trauma, damage to blood vessels, reperfusion after ischaemia, and tight casts or bandages. Treatment is to release any tight dressings and to divide the fascia surrounding the compartment to relieve the pressure (see fasciotomy).

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Compartment syndrome — Classification and external resources Fasciotomy, covered with a skin graft. ICD 10 M …   Wikipedia

  • compartment syndrome — noun (medicine) A painful muscle cramp due to obstruction of blood flow to a group of muscles compressed within a confined space after exercise or injury • • • Main Entry: ↑compartment …   Useful english dictionary

  • Compartment syndrome — A condition in which there is swelling and an increase in pressure within a limited space (a compartment) that presses on and compromises blood vessels, nerves, and/or tendons that run through that compartment. Hence, the function of tissue… …   Medical dictionary

  • Anterior compartment syndrome of the lower leg — A compartment syndrome is characterized by an increased pressure within a muscular compartment sufficient to compromise the circulation of the muscles therein. PathologyA compartment space is anatomically determined by an unyielding fascial (and… …   Wikipedia

  • anterior tibial compartment syndrome — rapid swelling, increased tension, pain, and ischemic necrosis of the muscles of the anterior tibial compartment of the leg; the skin becomes glossy, erythematous, and edematous as the necrosis occurs. The cause is unknown, but usually there is a …   Medical dictionary

  • Повышение Давления В Какой-Либо Анатомической Структуре (Отсеке) (Compartment Syndrome) — неврологическое или мышечное нарушение, возникающее в конечности при ношении слишком тугой повязки во время лечения ее перелома. В этом случае толстые волокна повязки как бы разделяют ткани конечности на отдельные отсеки. Если повышение давления… …   Медицинские термины

  • Syndrome des loges — Classification et ressources externes Une fasciotomie lors d un syndrome des loges. CIM 10 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Syndrôme de Volkman — Syndrome des loges Le syndrome des loges est une ischémie musculaire provoquée par une augmentation anormale de pression au sein d une loge anatomique. Ce syndrome anatomo clinique est le résultat d’un conflit entre un contenant ostéo… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Syndrôme des loges — Syndrome des loges Le syndrome des loges est une ischémie musculaire provoquée par une augmentation anormale de pression au sein d une loge anatomique. Ce syndrome anatomo clinique est le résultat d’un conflit entre un contenant ostéo… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Compartment (anatomy) — For other uses, see Compartment (disambiguation). In anatomy, a compartment is a space, mostly bounded by fascia (Fascial compartment), and sometimes also bone profoundly (as e.g. the brachial fascia). It is distinguished from pharmacokinetic… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.